The Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

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  MPERSS

   Marine Pollution Emergency Response Support System for the high seas

 

 

 

Marine Pollution Incident (MPI) AREA XI (A)

125°E - Mainland China to west boundary of area XI (95°E) (excluding Philippine waters)

AMOC : China 

Contact point
QIAN Chuanhai, National Meteorological Center
No. 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie , Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6840 9321
Fax: +86 10 6217 2956
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.cma.gov.cn
Operational contact point (24 h)
LIU Tao, National Meteorologial Center
No. 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie , Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6840 6644
Fax: +86 10 6217 2956
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Supporting Services

Contact point
LI Yun
National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center
No. 8 Dahuisi, Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6210 5735
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Operational contact point (24 h)
National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center
No. 8 Dahuisi, Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6210 5735
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Hong-Kong, China Malaysia Indonesia Singapore

Other relevant contact points

None

Marine Pollution Emergency Response Authority

Contact point
QIAN Chuanhai, National Meteorological Center
No. 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie , Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6840 9321
Fax: +86 10 6217 2956
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.cma.gov.cn
Operational contact point (24 h)
LIU Tao, National Meteorologial Center
No. 46 Zhongguancun Nandajie , Haidian District
Beijing 100081, P. R. China
Tel: +86 10 6840 6644
Fax: +86 10 6217 2956
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Marine pollution transport model available under MPERSS

Type of pollution model  Oil Pollution Model
Name of model NMEFC operational oil spill forecasting system 
Description The spilled oil on a sea surface is divided into a large number of small particles with equal mass. The horizontal transport of the oil particle is calculated as a total result from the wind drift, current, wave, and turbulent diffusion based on the Lagrangian discrete particle formulation. The vertical transport of oil particle is determined by current, buoyancy and vertical turbulence.
Free No
Input (pollutant data) Type: crude oil and so on  Release schedule: continued ,instantaneous, moved, static  Location: the latitude and longitude of oil source  start/end times: UTC
Input (Environmental data) The model need wind and current data.
Trajectory algorithm: Wind The wind come from a weather prediction model.
Trajectory algorithm: Current The current come from a hydrodynamic model, it include wind current, tide current, mean flow.
Trajectory algorithm: Waves (generation method, effect on advection) Wave is only taken into account in Bohai Sea oil spill forecasting system. In our operational oil spill forecasting system, the vertical turbulence include the influence of wave, use the vertical eddy viscosity as the vertical diffusion viscosity.
Fate algorithm: evaporation, emulsification...  Spreading, Evaporation, Sedimentation
Model Validation The output data include the location(latitude, longitude) of every oil particles,  the area influence by the oil, residual oil mass and so on.
Application area Northwest Pacific
Real-time response capacity  in thirty minutes

 

Type of pollution model Object Drift Model
Name of model Maritime Search and Rescue Emergency Forecasting System
Description The system based on fourth-order Runge-Kutta lagrangian drift method and driven by high-resolution sea surface wind and numerical current forecast system which is also developed by NMEFC, the system can provide drift trace of wrecks or drowning people. The forecast product can be displayed on the GIS platform and we can use it by website. This forecast system can improve the timeliness and effectiveness of maritime search and rescue and has proved its value in mitigating personnel casualty and economic loss.
Free No
Input (pollutant data) object type: man and wreck  release schedule: instantaneous  Location: the latitude and longitude of   start/end times: UTC
Input (Environmental data) The model need wind and current data.
Trajectory algorithm: Wind The wind come from a weather prediction model.
Trajectory algorithm: Current The current come from a hydrodynamic model, it include wind current, tide current, mean flow.
Trajectory algorithm: Waves (generation method, effect on advection) The wave is not taken into account in our model.
Fate algorithm: evaporation, emulsification...  N/A
Model Validation The output data include the location(latitude, longitude) of object.
Application area Northwest Pacific
Real-time response capacity  in thirty minutes

 

Type of pollution model Oceanic Radioactive Hazmat Tracking
Name of model ROMS
Reference www.myroms.org
Free No
Input (pollutant data) Firstly, the spread of the Oceanic Radioactive Material was been simulated. The radionuclides type is set as nuclear particles with sinking or radioactivity. The release of particles is assumed near Fukushima at four levels, such as sea surface, 200m, 500m, and 1000m. The particles were released in one time at March 11th,2011.
Input (Environmental data) The model need wind and current data.
Trajectory algorithm: Wind The wind come from a weather prediction model.
Trajectory algorithm: Current The current come from a hydrodynamic model, it include wind current.
Trajectory algorithm: Waves (generation method, effect on advection) The wave is not taken into account in our model.
Fate algorithm: evaporation, emulsification... Spreading, Evaporation, Dissolution, Dispersion, Sedimentation
Model Validation  
Application area Southwest Pacific Ocean
Real-time response capacity  One time

 

MPERSS trials

Date(s) and period(s) of trials Brief summary of results
The trajectory of Oceanic Radioactive Material was been simulated and forecasted around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant since March 11th, 2011.   The radionuclides type is set as nuclear particles with sinking or radioactivity. The release of particles is assumed near Fukushima at four levels, such as sea surface, 200m, 500m, and 1000m. Moreover, nuclear contaminant transport from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was also made 2-year, 5-year, 8-year, 10-year prediction in the North Pacific Ocean.

Actual marine pollution emergencies

Date(s) and duration(s) of incidents Brief summary of results
 Oceanic Radioactive Material spilled around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant at March 11th, 2011.  The trajectory of Oceanic Radioactive Material was been made operational forecast around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant since March 11th, 2011. The radionuclides type is set as nuclear particles with sinking or radioactivity. The release of particles is assumed near Fukushima at four levels, such as sea surface, 200m, 500m, and 1000m. Moreover, nuclear contaminant transport from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was also made 2-year, 5-year, 8-year, 10-year prediction in the North Pacific Ocean. Ocean current dominates nuclear contaminant transport. Following the Kuroshio Extension and North Pacific Current, nuclear contaminants at the surface will move eastward in the Pacific as far as 140°W, thereafter dividing into two branches. For the south branch, nuclear contaminants will be transported westward by the equatorial current, and can reach the Philippines after 10 years' time.

(Last Updated: 31-05-2013)

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