JCOMM in brief
JCOMM, the Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology, is an intergovernmental body of technical experts that provides a mechanism for international coordination of oceanographic and marine meteorological observing, data management and services, combining the expertise, technologies and capacity building capabilities of the meteorological and oceanographic communities. The creation of this Joint Technical Commission results from a general recognition that worldwide improvements in coordination and efficiency may be achieved by combining the expertise and technological capabilities of World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).
Visions and Aims
JCOMM coordinates, and develops and recommends standards and procedures for, a fully integrated marine observing, data management and services system that;
JCOMM aims to maximize the benefits for its Members/Member States in the projects, programmes and activities that it undertakes in their interest and that of the global community in general.
Urgent social and economic drivers need targeted improvements in weather, climate, water, oceanic and related environmental information and services. Risks associated with climate variability and extreme environmental events create social and economic stresses that require new meteorological, hydrological, oceanographic and climate services in order to ensure the safety and security of populations and the development of adaptive economic strategies. Responding to these risks is especially critical given population growth in environmentally vulnerable regions, such as continental coastlines and lowlands, and, in recent years, an apparent increase in the intensities and frequencies of extreme events. At the same time, while the future state of the oceans remains uncertain, we need to ensure that society and policymakers are better informed of the impact of oceans on humankind and vice versa.
In response to these considerations, the long-term objectives of JCOMM are:
Prior to 1999, marine meteorological and oceanographic observations, data management and service provision programmes were internationally coordinated by two separate bodies - the WMO, through its Commission for Marine Meteorology (CMM), and UNESCO's IOC, jointly with WMO, through the Committee for the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). While enhancing safety at sea remained the primary objective of marine forecast and warning programmes, requirements for data and services steadily expanded in volume and breadth during the preceding decades. Moreover, many of other applications required observational data sets and prognostic products for both the oceans and the overlying atmosphere.
Responding to these interdisciplinary requirements necessitated the development of evercloser working relationships between oceanographers and marine meteorologists. This was reflected at the global level by growing collaboration between the IOC and the WMO in organizing and coordinating ocean data acquisition, data management, the provision of related services, and associated capacity building needs. The increasingly close relationship between the two agencies' operational activities in the oceans culminated when the Thirteenth WMO Congress (May 1999) and the 20th IOC Assembly (July 1999) formally agreed that a new IOC/WMO Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) should be established, initially through the merger of CMM and IGOSS.
It is co-chaired by a meteorologist and an oceanographer, reflecting its integrated responsibilities for meteorological and oceanographic programmes. Under the overall direction of a Management Committee chaired by the copresidents, the Commission is organized into three Programme Areas – Observations, Services and Forecasting Systems and Data Management.
HistoryEstablished in 1999, and more information.
- 3 Programme Areas
- International Panels and Expert GroupsSee Organization Chart (2012) and more information.
PublicationsThe repository of official JCOMM documents is on the Publications page »»»
WMO Publications relevant to JCOMM activities are on the WMO JCOMM Publications page »»»
News & Info
JCOMM web site provides easy access to updated information on its programmes, meetings and reports.
To the JCOMM Newsletter archive click here »»»